Optocleanerpatent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract of patents.

A method for control of vegetation at places where said vegetation is undesirable, said method comprising intense irradiation of the vegetation for one or several periods by light, of which at least 10% of the effect is ultra-violet light, the total irradiation dosage (joule/m2) exceeding a minimal value necessary for the intended vegetation control.

An apparatus for performing the method comprises at least one light source directed towards the undesired vegetation and emitting at least 10% of its light discharge in the ultra-violet range, said apparatus comprising means which after discharge of an irradiation dosage surpassing the minimal value necessary for the intended vegetation control discontinue the treatment of the areas in question.

Claims:

1. A method for control of vegetation at sites where said vegetation is undesirable which comprises intensely irradiating said sites with light of which at least 10% is ultra-violet light, wherein the total irradiation (joule/m2) is sufficient to realize the intended vegetation control.

2. The method according to
claim 1 including the step of experimentally determining said sufficient amount of total irradiation in the form of a coherent value set for a given light source, the time of irradiation, the number of repetitions of irradiation and the time between subsequent irradiations.

3. The method according to
claim 1 in which at least 5% of the light is within the UVC-range.
 
4. The method according to
claim 1, wherein the irradiation is effected from a high light intensity source and is applied for a short exposure period.

5. The method of
claim 4, wherein the period of exposure is less than 10 seconds.

6. The method of
claim 5, wherein the period of exposure is less than 3 seconds.

7. A method of
claim 1, wherein the site at which said vegetation is undesirable is a railway track, the irradiation is effected with at least one gas discharge lamp directed toward said site and mounted on a movable railway carriage and wherein the railway carriage is moved at a speed which permits application of said sufficient amount of total irradiation.

8. The method of claim 7, wherein the output of the gas discharge lamp is controllable and said output is controlled as a function of the travel speed of the movable railway carriage.

9. A method according to
claim 1, wherein a source of the light irradiation is connected to an ozone sensor and a UV light sensor through a control, and the control is set to lower the level of irradiation when at least one of said sensors exceeds a predetermined threshold.

10. An apparatus for retarding vegetation in a site and which it is not desired comprising at least one irradiation light source disposed to irradiate said site and which emits at least 10% of its light discharge in the ultra-violet range in combination with means to discontinue irradiation of said site when the total irradiation (joule/m2) surpasses a predetermined value.

11. The apparatus of
claim 10, wherein said irradiation light source is mounted on a movable carriage which includes drive means for moving the carriage at a speed such that said predetermined total irradiation is achieved at a given site.

12. The apparatus according to
claim 10, wherein the irradiation light source is a plurality of substantially downwardly directed gas discharge lamps mounted on a movable railway carriage such that light is directed approximately vertically downward.

13. The apparatus according to
claim 12, wherein at least one lamp is disposed so as to irradiate an area outside the width of the carriage.

14. An apparatus according to
claim 12, further comprising an electronic, high-frequency ballast for momentary control of discharge light intensity coupled to at least one gas discharge lamp.

15. An apparatus according to
claim 12, wherein at least one lamp has a filter which reduces light discharge at wavelength smaller than 250 nm.

16. An apparatus according to
claim 10, further comprising a registration means to register the light dosages discharged by the source of irradiation and provided with a computer.

 

 

Ref:   US  PATENT  05929455  and
         EU  PATENT  EP 0 763 973 B1

             Proprietor: Electro Light ApS  100%

 

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